The University of Arizona's radiocarbon dating lab—the same lab that dated the Dead Sea Scrolls—subjected the Gospel of Judas papyruses to a thorough test.Leading scholars compared the Gospel's theological concepts and linguistic style with those of authentic Egyptian documents from the same era.Multispectral imaging tests were commissioned to photograph both papyruses and ink in several different wavelengths.In 1946 or 1947, a Bedouin goatherd found a number of ancient texts in a cave overlooking the Dead Sea and the ruins of the town of Qumran in the West Bank.Their exhaustive attention to detail paid off: There was ink, and it likely contained metal, such as iron or lead, because it showed up on the micro-CT scan as a dense material, the researchers said. So Shor and her colleagues in Israel sent the digital scans to Seales in Kentucky so he and his team could try the new "virtual unwrapping" technique. This new method marks the first time that experts have virtually unrolled and noninvasively studied a severely damaged scroll with ink text, Seales said. Hasel in 1992, and was reproduced in Bible and Spade with permission.At this point, they weren't sure whether the scroll had text within it, said study co-author Pnina Shor, curator and head of the Dead Sea Scrolls Projects at the Israel Antiquities Authority.
Excavations of the synagogue's Holy Ark, a chest or cupboard that holds the Torah scrolls, revealed charred scrolls of parchment, or animal skin.
In a tunnel around 50 feet from the cave’s entrance, archaeologists led by Oren Gutfeld of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem and Randall Price of Liberty University in Virginia unearthed a range of objects, including several broken storage jars of the sort that sometimes contained scrolls, multiple pieces of cloth used to wrap scrolls, straps of leather to tie them, tendons that connect them, and even pieces of blank parchment.
“But, unfortunately, the scrolls were not there,” says Gutfeld.
North Atlantic Books, 2007, is a collection of his youthful travel poems from 1959-62 when Paris was still 'a moveable feast' and when he was 'on the road' between Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Greece, Turkey, Israel, Iran, Beleuchistan, Pakistan, and India. A Ground-Penetrating Radar Testing the Claim for Earthquake Damage of the Second Temple Ruins at Khirbet Qumran, Qumran Chronicle, December 2000. * The Final Proof that James and the Righteous Teacher are the Same. Enough Crying Over Herod's Stones: We Know how to Commemorate the Dead but Do We Know How to Commemorate the Living? Remember, the Temple was built by Herod, The Jerusalem Post, October 27, 2009.
Includes an Afterward on the Six-Day War, April-June, 1967. "Re-erecting the Fallen Tent of David" in a Land "North" of Damascus at Qumran and in Acts' "Jerusalem Council". The 1988-92 California State University Dead Sea Walking Cave Survey and Radar Groundscan of the Qumran Cliffs, vol. Paper presented at the Society of Biblical Literature in 1994. Making Sense of Hegesippus' Testimony to James as High Priest. Redemonizing Judas: Gospel Fiction or Gospel Truth? Gospel Fiction and the Redemonization of Judas, The Huffington Post, December 19, 2007.
Then, hidden between two rocks, they found a pair of pickaxes dating to the 1950s. “In my opinion, for sure there were scrolls in this cave that were looted by Bedouins 60 years ago,” he says. We have everything that is attached to the scrolls.