Understanding peacebuilding consolidating the peace process

The paramilitary groups claim to be reacting to perceived threats by guerrilla movements.Both guerrilla and paramilitary groups have been accused of engaging in drug trafficking and terrorism.

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In the Major General's view, greed was the motivating factor for the use of violence.[5] A World Bank Study in 2005 sheds light on the causes of the conflict, noting, "[E]veryone we spoke to talked of the collapse of institutions as the root cause of the civil war, not diamonds."[6] Although many arguments have been made regarding the role of diamonds and greed in the Sierra Leonean conflict, a general consensus on several core causes of the conflict has emerged.In 2006 the Comprehensive Peace Agreement ended a decade-long conflict in Nepal.The final formal component of this process was the promulgation of a new constitution, which occurred in September 2015."Although aid agencies often seek to be neutral or non-partisan toward the winners and losers of a war, the impact of their aid is not neutral. When given in conflict settings, aid can reinforce, exacerbate, and prolong the conflict; it can also help to reduce the tensions and strengthen people's capacities to disengage from fighting and find peaceful options for solving problems. But in all cases aid given during conflict cannot remain separate from that conflict." -- As protracted internal conflicts have become more common and more deadly, the impact on civilians has multiplied.Post-Cold War conflicts have caused over five million casualties, and 95 percent of these have been civilians.The Colombian Conflict began in the mid-1960s and is a low-intensity asymmetric war between Colombian governments, paramilitary groups, crime syndicates, and left-wing guerrillas such as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the National Liberation Army (ELN), fighting each other to increase their influence in Colombian territory. The FARC and other guerrilla movements claim to be fighting for the rights of the poor in Colombia to protect them from government violence and to provide social justice through communism.

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