Even the use of isochron dating, which is supposed to eliminate some initial condition assumptions, produces dates that are not reliable.
Outside the range of recorded history, calibration of the 14 clock is not possible.
In alpha decay, the nucleus ejects a helium nucleus (alpha particle) composed of two neutrons and two protons, dropping the mass of the original nucleus by four mass units.
This smaller nucleus is easier to keep in a stable form. In negative beta decay, the nucleus contains an excess of neutrons.
The type of decay determines whether the ratio of neutrons to protons will increase or decrease to reach a more stable configuration. How does the neutron-to-proton number change for each of these decay types?
Alpha decay typically occurs in nuclei that are so big that they can’t be stable.
There are three main assumptions that must be made to accept radiometric dating methods.
To correct this unstable condition, a neutron is converted into a proton, which keeps the nucleus the same size (i.e., the same atomic mass) but increases the number of protons (and therefore the atomic number) by one.
Knowing this first: that scoffers will come in the last days, walking according to their own lusts, and saying, “Where is the promise of His coming?
A 10 gram sample of U-238Now that has changed, and some important discoveries are being made.
When granite rock hardens, it freezes radioactive elements in place.
These must be accepted on faith in uniformitarian and naturalistic frameworks.