Relative dating includes different techniques, but the most commonly used are soil stratigraphy analysis and typology.
On the other hand, absolute dating includes all methods that provide figures about the real estimated age of archaeological objects or occupations.
But this method is also useful in many other disciplines.
“One little bit doesn’t make a difference.” It’s a good job CMI didn’t think like that.
Chronometric techniques include radiometric dating and radio-carbon dating, which both determine the age of materials through the decay of their radioactive elements; dendrochronology, which dates events and environmental conditions by studying tree growth rings; fluorine testing, which dates bones by calculating their fluorine content; pollen analysis, which identifies the number and type of pollen in a sample to place it in the correct historical period; and thermoluminescence, which dates ceramic materials by measuring their stored energy.
Scientists first developed absolute dating techniques at the end of the 19th century.
These methods usually analyze physicochemical transformation phenomena whose rate are known or can be estimated relatively well.
When museums and collectors purchase archaeological items for their collections they enter an expensive and potentially deceptive commercial fine arts arena.
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